Kilimanjaro National Park
The Real Kilimanjaro Adventure
The majestic Kilimanjaro with its iconic stand-alone peak defines the captivating beauty of Tanzania. It is the glacierial views of the renowned snow-capped summit – not just its daunting 5895 meter altitude – that literally steal your breath away. And whether you are starting out with the excitement on the first day or watching a sunrise from the rooftop of the continent, you will believe in the unparalleled beauty of Africa.
Misele is proud to bring you an exceptional crew of Kilimanjaro guides who are specially chosen through a rigorous testing process and demonstrated experience. Misele’s Kilimanjaro guides each have over ten years of experience summiting Kilimanjaro with a 100% safety record. Your crew is guaranteed to be seasoned professionals, friendly and helpful, assisting in every detail to make your journey successful and memorable.
Climbing Kilimanjaro is a ‘must do’ for most climbers on their list of travels. Known for a relatively easy walk and climb up Kilimanjaro’s slopes, many of the mountain’s climbers are non-professional and can reach the summit with proper clothing, preparation, and equipment. However, the extremely high altitude is unforgiving with low oxygen levels at the top, and is often the most challenging aspect for climbers. With the right preparation and pace, and the willingness to try, many climbers make it to the peak.
Misele Africa offers 6 routes to reach the top – from Machame, Marangu, Rongai, and Lemosho, to the more challenging Umbwe and Circuit routes – each with a unique path and its own spectacular views through lush equatorial jungle that give way to tropical forests and then to the rocky alpine cold. The duration of the climb on Kilimanjaro and the difficulty of the ascent differ on each route. Learn more about which route is most suitable for you by exploring our Kilimanjaro expeditions.
Wildlife & features
140 species of mammals live on Kilimanjaro including the Kilimanjaro tree hyrax, grey and red duiker eland. Inhabiting the montane forest are the famed primates: the blue monkey, black and white Colobus monkeys, and Bushbabies. 179 species of birds have been recorded, many which are indigenous and unique to the Kilimanjaro area.
Endemic to Kilimanjaro are an isolated population of elephant Loxodonta africana. Also only found on Kilimanjaro are four species and subspecies of butterfly, 6 plants, and 12 endemic mosses and liverworts. Levels of endemism are highest in the moorland and alpine areas.
A collapsed side of the Kibo crater offers beautiful views of the southern ice fields.
Located below the Western Breach, the Great Barranco is a steep gorge carved into the soft rocks and ashes of Kilimanjaro. From here the southern ice fields are visible.
A literal tower made of volcanic rock juts out of the ground at a thousand feet shy of the highest point.
One of the most majestic glaciers in the world, its towering heights reach 5480 m (18000 ft). The Heim Glacier is part of the southern ice fields on Kilimanjaro.
Those who brave the altitude can spend time in the mouth of Kibo crater at the top of Kilimanjaro. From the wintry volcanic crater climbers can explore the different views of the glaciers
Kilimanjaro is the tallest freestanding mountain in the world measured at 5895 meters (19,340 feet). It is a dormant stratavolcano formed less than a million years ago by tetonic activity in the Rift Valley 80 kilometers away.
Kilimanjaro consists of 3 volcanic cones. Mawenzi and Shira were formed earliest and are now eroded and extinct, whereas Kibo, the highest peak, is dormant. Kibo ash and lava slopes form two concentric craters, and on the outer rim of the craters is Uhuru peak, the highest point of Kilimanjaro. Upon your hiking route will be distinct views of Mawenzi, Shira, and Kibo peaks.
Famed snows of Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro glaciers and snow grace the top of the ancient volcano. Standing at almost 4 kilometers in height, Kilimanjaro’s snow-capped peak can be seen in any direction from more than one hundred miles away.
However, the snows of Kilimanjaro may not be around forever. Approximately 80 percent of the ice cover has disappeared in the last 100 years. The unique geography of the iconic volcano places it in tropical territory three degrees south of the equator. The current shrinking and thinning of Kilimanjaro’s ice fields may be due to climate warming around low latitudes and has been affected by agriculture-based deforestation on the mountain’s lower slopes. Climatologists estimate the snows of Kilimanjaro will be gone by 2030.
Climate & when to visit
From tropics to the artic, Kilimanjaro’s multi-layered climates take climbers through a unique and almost surreal tour of nature. Rainfall is limited to the lower altitudes where lush tropical flora and fauna create a jungle canopy. There are two rainy seasons, November to December and March to May. The driest (and coldest) months are July to October. Weather can be very unpredictable on Kilimanjaro, so climbers must be prepared with waterproof clothing and equipment.
At the beginning of the trek temperatures are at a comfortable 20-25°C (65-75°F). Past the tree line at 3000 meters, temperatures drop increasingly faster with the altitude to 10-15C (mid-40s), then significantly to subzero temperatures (10s-20s F) at the last 1000 meters.
Montane Forest Belt (Rain Forest)
Altitude: 6,000 to 9,200 ft (1,800 to 2,800 m)
Precipitation: 79 to 40 in (2,000 to 1,000 mm)
Temperatures: 20 to 10°C (70 to 50)
The forest receives 6 feet of rain annually, supporting a variety of plants and wildlife while clear nights can produce low temperatures.
Heath and Moorland
Altitude: 9,200 to 13,200 ft (2,800 to 4,000 m)
Precipitation: 51 to 21 in (1,300 to 530 mm)
Temperatures: 10 to 0°C (50 to 30)
This semi-alpine zone is characterized by heath-like vegetation and abundant wild flowers.
Altitude: 13,200 to 16,500 ft (4,000 to 5,000 m)
Precipitation: 10 in (250 mm)
Temperatures: 0 to -5°C (30 to 20)
The unforgiving alpine desert receives little water and the only survivable vegetation is moss and lichen. Porous volcanic rocks are scattered in the landscape.
Altitude: 16,500+ ft (5,000+ m)
Precipitation: <4 in (100 mm) Temperatures: -5 to -15°C (20 to 5) This area features ice, rock, and volcanic ash, with no vegetation. Nights are extremely cold and the day's equatorial sun requires sun protection. The oxygen level is half that of sea level. [/av_toggle] [/av_toggle_container] [/av_one_full]
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